HISTORY OF THE CHIANINA BREED
The Chianina breed is one the most ancient and important Italian bovine breed and was named after the breeding original region Valdichiana. The hypothesis of its origin seems to be based on historical reasons, which sees it as an autochthonous breed.
The Chianina breed is known and appreciated since the Romans’ time: Etruscans and Romans used animals with white mantels for triumphal parade or for their sacrifices to the gods. They used this white and large cattle that probably was the progenitors of today’s Chianina.
Men has always shown admiration for this breed, for its beauty and its energetic temperament.
Today Chianina is grown in the central regions of Italy Tuscany, Umbria and Lazio.
TIPICAL FEATURES OF THE BREED
The Chianina bovines have big dimensions (1,80 meters for the bulls) and a white porcelain mantle (their mantle becomes white after one year because the calves have a light brown mantle).
In the past it was used both for work and for producing meat, today the breed is used only for meat. There is a tendency to an early development of the cattle and the highest yield of the meat in order to obtain the finest cuts.
Chianina meat is of high quality and appreciated all over the world both for its biological qualities, its low fats and cholesterol content.
Including a portion of meat in our diet is recommended in order to reach the necessary daily amount of proteins, minerals and vitamins.
Meat contains a large amount of proteins with a high biological value that contribute to the development, growth and nourishment of our body. The vitamins contained in our products are: B 1/B2/PP/B6/B 12 and some trace of vitamin A and D. Meat is rich of potassium and poor of sodium, it contains phosphorus and easily assimilated minerals such as zinc and iron.
Meat helps to treat anaemia, nervous breakdown, muscles over weariness, amnesia; prevents muscular weakness and intellectual fatigue.
In the table below you can find the nutritional values of Chianina
|Product||Proteins||Fat||Starch and sugars||Calories Kcal||Cholesterol mg/100 g.|
THE CHIANINA MEAT FROM THE CO.PRO.CAR. SAN NICOLO
The CO.PRO.CAR. products and the C.C.B.I. certificate prove the quality of the production chain and are a sign of the strong collaboration between the breeders and the distribution chain.
The code on the label contains information about each step of the production chain: from the breeding farm, to the processing factory, to the shop.
Co. Pro. Car. products guarantee, that pure Chianina breed bovines are raised in compliance with the C.C.B.I disciplinary, and above all they are grown using traditional breeding practises, in respect of the hygiene laws and the animals well-being.
THE BREEDING FARMS
The livestock we process is grown in closed-cycle farms, where we continue to practise the cow-calf line.
The breeding farms mainly use a housing-system with outside paddock and separated boxes where the calves are fatten. In some cases free-ranging is practiced.
The calf stay with his mum until the fifth month, then it is gradually weaned and goes to the fatten line by the seventh month.
The livestock is mainly fed with fodder, barley, corn, sunflower seeds, field beans, grown by the company.
All the animals are is identified by an ear brand with the progressive number of the animal.
The butchered animals were exclusively born in stalls submitted to the controls of the Provincial Breeders Association, that verify the productive and reproductive data as well as the belonging to the Chianina race.